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Sexual & Reproductive Health 2017 aims to bring together leading academic scientists and researchers to exchange and share their experiences and research results on various aspects of Reproductive Health, Reproductive Biology and Medicine. It also provides the premier interdisciplinary forum for researchers, practitioners and educators to present and discuss the most recent innovations, trends, and concerns, practical challenges encountered and the solutions adopted in the field of Reproductive Health, Medicine and Oncology.
Focuses on latest scientific evidence and nationally recognized standards of quality improvement initiatives for reproductive health care
Identify methodologies for improving the delivery of family planning and reproductive health services for diverse clients.
Implement evidence-based recommendations and insertion/removal techniques for long-acting reversible contraception (LARC).
With the members from all around the globe concentrated on finding out about Women's Health and its advances, this is your best chance to achieve the biggest collection of members from the Women's Health people group. Meet with present and potential researchers, lead presentations, and appropriate data; make a sprinkle with new revelations in Sexual & Reproductive Health. Incredibly famous speakers, the latest strategies, advancements, and the most up to date overhauls in Women’s Health, Breast Cancer, Pregnancy and Gynecological issues are hallmark of this meeting.
Call for Paper
We encouraged all authors to contribute to and help shape the conference through submissions of their research abstracts, papers and e-posters in all areas of Reproductive Health Care. They are cordially invited for presentation at the conference with the theme “Reproductive Health Research and Innovation in Building a Healthy Nation”. For more details on selection of research topics please click here
Atlanta is the capital and most popular city in the U.S. state of Georgia, with a 2016 estimated population of 463,878. Atlanta is ninth largest metropolitan area in the United States. Atlanta is considered as a world city and with a gross domestic product of $270 billion. More than 30 colleges and universities located in the city, Atlanta is considered a Centre for higher education. Atlanta is also home to nationally renowned private colleges and universities. Atlanta’s economy ranks 15th among world cities and sixth in the nation. Atlanta has an extremely large number of public and private colleges/universities. There are more than eight community colleges offering associate’s degrees in Gynecology, Reproductive Health Care and related fields. The city also has approximately a dozen accredited four-year colleges/universities with bachelors and master’s degree programs in Gynecology, Reproductive Health Care and other Life sciences.
Sexual and Reproductive health is essential component of universal right to highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, given in Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in other international human rights conventions, declarations, and consensus agreements. Sexual and reproductive health needs must be met for both men and women.
Good sexual and reproductive health is complete physical, mental and social well-being matters related to reproductive system. To maintain sexual and reproductive health, people need access to accurate information and safe, effective, affordable and acceptable contraception method. They must be informed and educated how to protect themselves from sexually transmitted infections. During the period of pregnancy, women must have knowledge of services that can help them have fit pregnancy, safe delivery and healthy baby.
Sexual and reproductive health and rights is concept of human rights applied to sexuality and reproduction. Human sexual and reproductive health rights standards require states to respect, protect, and fulfill right to sexual and reproductive health, and states must also ensure that individuals have opportunity to actively participate in development of health care policy and in individual care decisions - including freedom to decide when to have children and in protecting rights of others to sexual and reproductive health, violence-free relationships. Sexual and reproductive ill health is most common health problem for women aged 15-44 in developing countries. Unwanted pregnancy, unsafe abortions, and harmful customs such as female genital mutilation endanger the women lives. In order to reduce such reproductive health issues, there are some sexual and reproductive health rights.
Sexual rights include sexual pleasure and emotional sexual expression. World Congress on Sexology Universally declared 11 sexual rights which include - The right to sexual freedom, The right to sexual autonomy, sexual integrity, and safety of the sexual body, The right to sexual privacy, The right to sexual equity, The right to sexual pleasure, The right to emotional sexual expression, The right to sexually associate freely, The right to make free and responsible reproductive choices, The right to sexual information based upon scientific inquiry, The right to comprehensive sexuality education, and The right to sexual health care.
Reproductive rights are rights and freedoms related to reproduction and reproductive health. Reproductive rights rest on basic right of all couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly number, spacing and timing of their children and to have information and means to do so, and right to attain highest standard of sexual and reproductive health. They also include the right of all to make decisions concerning reproduction free of discrimination, coercion and violence.
Reproductive development is a complex process of mitosis and meiosis with many phases including male and female organogenesis and fertilization. A number of regulatory mechanisms control this process. Reproductive system is essential to keep a species alive.
Physiology of reproduction mainly describes research and fundamental elements of reproductive biology necessary for development of systems to enhance efficiency of reproduction and productivity, latest principles and strategies/practices of reproductive biology, translate acquired knowledge into reproductive systems to benefit producers and consumers.
Stem cells are defined as undifferentiated cells capable of reproducing themselves and differentiating into different cell types, which can produce at least one type of highly differentiated descendant. Embryonic stem cells are derived from inner cell mass of blastocysts. Embryonic stem cells have developmental potential to form trophoblast and derivatives of all three germ layers. Due to these characteristics, research on embryonic stem cells raises the possibility of designer tissue and organ engineering.
Postnatal organs and tissues contain stem cells, which have capacity for renewal after damage or ageing. Adult stem cells are able to differentiate into other cell types in new locations, in addition to their usual progeny in their organ of residence. Bone marrow derived stem cells have the ability to differentiate into skeletal myoblasts, endothelium, cardiac myoblasts, renal parenchymal, hepatic and biliary duct epithelium, lung, gut and skin epithelia, and neuroectodermal cells. With reference to the capabilities of stem cells, these can be used for In Vitro gamete production.
Regulation of gene expression includes wide range of mechanisms used by cells to increase or decrease production of specific gene or gene products, termed as gene regulation. Complex programs of gene expression are observed in reproduction, for example to trigger developmental pathways, response to environmental stimuli, or adapt to new sources. Virtually gene expression steps can be modulated, from transcriptional initiation, to RNA processing, or post-translational modification of protein. Often, one gene regulator controls another, in a network.
Gene regulation is essential for all the organisms as it increases the versatility and adaptability of an organism by allowing the cell to express protein when needed. Initiating event leading to change in gene expression includes receptors activation or deactivation.
Reproductive Cancers starts in the organs related to reproduction and can affect men and women. Reproductive cancers of female reproductive system include ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer, cervical cancer and vulvar cancer. Reproductive cancers of male reproductive system include prostate cancer, penile cancer and testicular cancer. Each type of cancer can be diagnosed with different symptoms. In United States, approximately 82,000 women are diagnosed with gynecologic cancer annually.
Reproductive cancers can directly invade nearby tissues and organs through lymphatic system or bloodstream to distant parts of the body. Treatment of reproductive cancers depends on the type of cancer. Reproductive cancers are often treated with surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation.
Reproductive immunology studies interactions between immune system and components related to reproductive system, like maternal immune tolerance towards the fetus, or immunological interactions across the blood-testis barrier. This has been used by fertility clinics to explain fertility problems, recurrent miscarriages and pregnancy complications observed when this state of immunological tolerance is not successfully achieved. Immunological therapy is new up and coming method for treating many cases of previously unexplained infertility or recurrent miscarriage. Some fertility clinics offer tests and treatments based on idea that immune cells can reject fetus, preventing successful pregnancy. Reproductive immunology therapy helps many women with immune related miscarriages.
Reproductive Endocrinology is specialty of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Reproductive endocrinology and infertility is surgical subspecialty of obstetrics and gynecology which trains physicians in reproductive medicine addressing hormonal functioning as it pertains to reproduction as well as infertility issues. While most Reproductive endocrinology and infertility specialists primarily focus on treatment of infertility, reproductive endocrinologists are trained to also evaluate and treat hormonal dysfunctions in females and males outside infertility.
Reproductive Toxicology is the influence of chemical and physical agents on reproduction. It mainly involves scientific presentations from obstetricians, pediatricians, embryologists, teratologists, geneticists, toxicologists, andrologists, and others interested in detecting potential reproductive hazards. All aspects of reproduction are within scope of Reproductive Toxicology, including formation and maturation of reproductive gametes, sexual function, events surrounding fusion of gametes and the development of fertilized ovum, nourishment and transport of conceptus within genital tract, implantation, embryogenesis, intrauterine growth, placentation and placental function, parturition, lactation and neonatal survival. Adverse reproductive effects in males are as significant as adverse effects occurring in females. Typical end point studies include infertility, sexual dysfunction, spontaneous abortion, malformations, abnormal histogenesis, stillbirth, intrauterine growth retardation, prematurity, behavioral abnormalities, and perinatal mortality.
Reproductive medicine deals with prevention, diagnosis and management of reproductive problems. Goals include improving or maintaining reproductive health and allowing people to have children at time of their choosing. It is founded on knowledge of reproductive anatomy, physiology, and endocrinology, and incorporates relevant aspects of molecular biology, biochemistry and pathology.
Reproductive medicine addresses issues of sexual education, puberty, family planning, birth control, infertility, reproductive system disease and sexual dysfunction. In women, reproductive medicine also covers menstruation, ovulation, pregnancy and menopause, as well as gynecologic disorders that affect fertility.
Reproductive medicine is of various types which include, acupuncture, fertile yoga, nutrition, fertile counseling, support grants and more.
Eicosanoids play an important role in reproduction. Firstly they are involved in pregnancy-induced hypertension. Urine of normotensive and hypertensive pregnant women was analyzed which showed reduced PGE2 and 6-keto-PGF1 alpha excretion in preeclamptic subgroup of hypertensive patients during last two trimesters. Further, tissue cultures of human placentas, deciduas and fetal membranes from hypertensive pregnancies displayed reduced prostaglandin production. Secondly, PGE2 of fetal membrane plays key role for beginning or parturition. Thirdly, enhancement of PGF2 alpha and PGE2 formation in secretory endometrial cells participates in endometrial function. There are many more uses of eicosanoids in reproduction. Frontiers never end for the research work in the role of eicosanoids in reproduction.
Gynecology and Obstetrics is a branch of science where we can find women’s health care professionals and staff dedicated to providing with highest level of quality Ob/Gyn care which may be personal, considerate, sensitive, and knowledgeable.
Gynecology & Obstetrics focuses on commitment to excellence in both patient care and convenience. There are many subspecialties in Gynecology & Obstetrics. These include, Maternal-fetal medicine, Reproductive endocrinology and infertility, Advanced laparoscopic surgery, Pediatric and adolescent gynecology, Menopausal and geriatric gynecology, Female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery.
Physicians from other specialities who undergo training in Advanced Life Science in Obstetrics can also manage emergent OB/GYN situations.
Gynecological diseases like malformations, inflammations and tumors in males and females are sometimes associated with functional disturbances of urological tract. Due to the anatomical similarities between urinary tract and reproductive tract, postoperative and postirradiation complications can often be observed in urinary tract. During the follow-up of gynecological disorders, urologic diagnostic procedures are also mandatory.
Most common and primary problems classified as urologic and gynecologic disorders include incontinence, Endometriosis, uterine fibroids, interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome, and urinary tract infections.
Sexually transmitted diseases are most common infectious diseases in the United States today. Sexually transmitted diseases are also referred to as sexually transmitted infections, because these conditions involve transmission of infectious organism between sex partners. STDs passes from one person to other through unprotected genital or sexual contact (vaginal intercourse, oral or anal sex). Some sexually transmitted diseases can also be spread through blood transfusions, use of unsterilized intravenous drug needles, and from mother to baby during childbirth or breastfeeding.
Most commonly occurring sexually transmitted diseases include Human papillomavirus infection, Genital herpes, Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, HIV/AIDS, and Syphilis.
Human reproduction has many challenges from many years. There is historical and social ambivalence that whether human reproduction and sexuality indulgence are private rights or public concerns. Family creation is a completely private matter, involving personal, intimate motivations and occasions. But, when with advanced technologies herbal medicine was replaced by medical science for artificial regulation of fertility it was fiercely opposed for violation of alleged public values. During 1820s to 1960s Canadian criminal code considered spreading knowledge and means of contraception as crime against mortality.
One of the most common public challenges to concept of reproductive health rights is conservative religious hierarchies. The concept is based on conviction that reproductive health is state of complete physical, mental and social well-being in all matters relating to reproductive system and to its functions and processes. Reproductive health implies that people are able to have safe and satisfying sex life and that they have capability to reproduce and freedom to decide if, when and how often to do so.
Reproductive health is sensitive to individual's environment characteristics including behavioral, physical, cultural, biological, and socioeconomic factors. Relative effects of these features vary within a country or different parts of the world. In populations with higher rates of sexually transmitted diseases or in areas with inadequate health care resources, untreated infections may pose greatest threats, increasing women's risk of experiencing premature delivery, fetal loss or prenatal mortality. Furthermore, infants of women with such diseases risk acquiring infection during delivery and are vulnerable to other complications during the neonatal period.
In societies where cultural norms favor large families, women may suffer health problems resulting from frequent childbearing. Similarly, malnutrition increases pregnant woman's susceptibility to poor outcomes.
In some regions, workplace and industrial pollution, substances that are used commercially or in home, may pose greatest threats. Exposure to lead is associated with fertility impairments in both women and men, as well as with risk of spontaneous abortion and stillbirth. Exposure to mercury may cause birth defects and neurological disorders. Number of solvents contributes to risk of spontaneous abortion and birth defects, and some of these substances may be factor in hypertensive disorders during pregnancy and male infertility. Epidemiological studies have proven adverse reproductive health effects of some pesticides, and mounting evidence suggests that other of these products is harmful to reproductive health.
Molecular human reproduction deals with molecular aspects of human reproductive physiology, pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gametogenesis, fertilization, implantation, contraception, embryo development, pregnancy, and gonadal function. Reproductive genetics is also an important part of molecular reproduction. Molecular human reproduction is a very big theory containing all the reproductive physiology information.
Now-a-days there is increase in complications of maternal and fetal death. In order to reduce such mortality, there are many health caring societies for women and infants. All the women should be educated about the safe child birth, breastfeeding support, spiritual care, personal health records, baby health, about nominating a nurse who can afford it. In some of the rural areas, there are campaigns running to educate the pregnant women about all the quality health care precautions to be taken before, during and after the pregnancy.
Neonatal cancer is a very rare type of cancer occurring in the fetuses and neonates, and comprises heterogeneous group of neoplasms with substantial histological diversity. Diagnosis of neonatal cancer requires complex knowledgeable care from health care team. Neonatal intensive care nurses play an important role from health care team. Reasons for neonatal cancer are unclear, but genetic factors can play an important role. Soft-tissue sarcoma, teratoma, renal tumors, neuroblastoma, leukemia and brain tumors are the histological types of neonatal cancer. Neonatal cancer raises diagnostic, therapeutic, and ethical issues, and management requires a multidisciplinary approach. Prenatal detection, mainly by ultrasound can be used as only one and important diagnostic procedure for neonatal cancer.
In a recent review of mortality rates due to neonatal cancer, it was observed that neonatal death rate from malignancies to be 1 per 6.24 million live births.
Neurosurgical disorders are the most common causes of non-obstetric death and disability in pregnant women. Most commonly occurring neurosurgical conditions are hydrocephalus, intracranial tumors, head trauma, intracranial hemorrhage and disc rupture. With advanced anesthesia techniques, many life-threatening conditions can be handled with less danger to fetus. But it is preferable to wait till until third trimester.
According to a new technical market research report, Human Sexual and Reproductive Health Technologies Products and Global Markets, the global market for reproductive technologies and products are expected to reach nearly $16.1 billion in 2013. BCC Research projects the market to grow to nearly $19.6 billion by 2018, and register a five-year compound annual growth rate of 4.1% from 2013 to 2018.
Many factors influence the human reproductive arena. Countries differ in their approaches and acceptance of fertility, contraception and sexual dysfunction. Culture, religion and social environment all play a role. Depending on the country and position of women in the society, it can make a significant difference on how reproduction is treated. For example, the choice of contraception varies by country. In Japan, condoms and abortions are preferred to other methods. In India, sterilization is the preferred method of birth control, while in Africa, injectable birth control dominates. In China, the use of the coil is preferred. This difference in preference by country is also seen in both the fertility and sexual dysfunction areas as well.
In each of the three major areas of infertility, contraception and sexual dysfunction, there has been increasing interest and advancements. New developments in the area of contraception have stepped up the quest for easier, safer, and more convenient methods of contraception. A growing global population, improving access to healthcare, recognition of sexual dysfunction as a medical disorder, and growing demand for contraceptive and fertility products will drive steady growth in this market over the near term.